Cic edizioni internazionali
Prevention and Research

Substrate gelatin zymogrophy analysis of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (gelatinase A and B) in sera from patients with benign and malignant prostate disease

Original Article, 89 - 95
doi: 10.11138/PER/2014.3.3.089
Tag this article
Abstract
Enhanced HTML Full text PDF
Background: it is widely recognized that the measurement of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels as a biomarker of prostate cancer is imperfect, in that it can have many false positive elevations attributable to benign hyperplasia and subclinical prostatic inflammation. There is increasing data that support a positive correlation between gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) activity and tumor cell invasion and tumor aggressiveness.
Objectives: we evaluated gelatinolytic activities in the sera of patients with prostate carcinoma (PCa) and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) in order to verify whether MMP-2 and MMP-9 might have a potential as non-invasive biomarkers.
Methods: by gelatin zymography, we verified MMP activity in a total of 42 patients. Of these, 8 had benign prostate hyperplasia and 34 had carcinoma. A total of 16 normal healthy volunteers with no concomitant illnesses were used as controls.
Results: four dominant proteinases were detected migrating at ~ 240, 130, 92 and 72 kDa. The most abundant lytic activity is at 92 kDa (MMP-9); whereas MMP-2 is present in smaller quantities. MMP-9 activity is significantly enhanced in the sera from patients with cancer compared with control individuals (p=0.003). Moreover, MMP-9/MMP-2 ratio was able to discriminate cancer patients from healthy subjects as well as from BPH, and the ROC curve showed that the ratio was a significant predictor for prostate cancer with sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 87%.
Discussion: these results suggest that the inexpensive measurement of MMPs in serum may serve as a suitable supplementary tool to distinguish patients with prostate cancer from patients with BPH, and the addition of these enzymes to currently available PSA and/or f-PSA/t-PSA ratio might provide clinicians additional objective information on prostate carcinomas.

Vol. 8 (No. 2) 2019 April - June

  1. Chemical risk assessment
    Sacco C., Di Marzio A., Moruzzi E., Danza F., Massimi R.
Last Viewed articles: la lista degli ultimi x visitati.
  1. Substrate gelatin zymogrophy analysis of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (gelatinase A and B) in sera from patients with benign and malignant prostate disease
    Bruzzese D., Ricci S., Di Carlo A.
    doi: 10.11138/PER/2014.3.3.089
credits